Tractors top quad bikes as farming’s most dangerous machine

Tractors still farming’s most dangerous machine

MACHINE SAFETY: Johno Hunter, the general manager of The Farm at Byron Bay is passionate about educating people on how to safely operate tractors.

MACHINE SAFETY: Johno Hunter, the general manager of The Farm at Byron Bay is passionate about educating people on how to safely operate tractors.


Tractors accounted for the most on-farm deaths in 2016.


QUAD bikes may be considered to be the leading cause of on-farm injuries and deaths, but it is the tractor that accounted for more fatalities in 2016.

The University of Sydney Australian Centre for Agricultural Health and Safety says there were nine tractor related on-farm deaths last year. Mobile-plant machinery also caused nine, while quad bike incidents resulted in six deaths.

In 2015 the Primary Industries Health and Safety Partnership (PIHSP) released a report mapping the work health and safety risks for people working in primary industries. The report found that while there have been improvements over the past 20 years with annual deaths in agriculture falling from around 150 per year to 60pc, the industry is still one of most dangerous in Australia. 

Johno Hunter, the general manager of The Farm at Byron Bay, takes tractor safety very seriously.

“Tractors are one of the biggest killers on farms, and we have tractors here on our site,” Mr Hunter said.

“I believe we have an obligation to provide safety workshops and I’m passionate about trying to stem the flow of accidents and deaths on farms.”

The Farm is a 34 hectare property at Ewingsdale that produces beef, pork, eggs and vegetables which is used to supply other on-site businesses including the Three Blue Ducks restaurant. The Farm’s philosophy is built on their motto - Grow, Feed, Educate with education last month focusing on tractor safety.  

Responding to the rise in numbers of hobby farmers in the region, Mr Hunter identified the need for an introductory tractor safety workshop at The Farm, to educate part-time farmers, as well as people learning to operate tractors for the first time. 

“There are certain elements that people don’t really think about when they jump on a tractor,” Mr Hunter said.

“You can buy a tractor and you don’t need a license to drive one. It’s not like a car, you obviously need a license to buy and drive a car.

“We want to educate people about how to operate these potentially dangerous machines correctly and safely – that’s our objective.”

The first workshop was held in early 2017 and included safety demonstrations led by experienced tractor sales manager Robert Wruck

Mr Wruck said complacency was the greatest contributing factor to tractor-related deaths.

“I think people become complacent with their machines. They’ve done it a 1000 times, they think they know how to do it properly, but in-fact they’ve probably done it the wrong way 1000 times. Eventually this is going to lead to serious issues.

“Unfortunately tractors don’t die very easily. There are tractors out there that are 50-years-old, and people are still operating them. Ultimately issues will arise with these machines, and more importantly these old tractors aren’t fitted with modern safety equipment."

The five key messages Mr Wruck stressed to people attending the introductory workshop were:

- Make sure your tractor is fitted with a roll frame to prevent roll-over deaths and injuries.

- Ensure power take-off (PTO) shafts are fitted with covers to prevent body parts (hair, limbs) getting tangled in moving parts.

- Before detaching hydraulic implements (buckets, post drivers etc), always turn the tractor off to avoid injuries from hydraulic-line pressure bursts. 

- When attaching a front-hand loader, always have a counter weight at the back (i.e. slasher)

- Always wear a seatbelt.

Mr Wruck was keen to emphasise the significance of point number one (roll-over device) to attendees at the workshop. 

“Most of the deaths in recent years have come from roll-overs, and this is from people thinking it’s quite easy to have a child or a second person on a tractor,” he said.

“They fall off and a death occurs. There’s no provision to have a second person on most tractors, and there is really nothing for them to hang onto.

“I can’t stress enough just how dangerous this practice is. I know it’s very hard to refuse taking kids for a ride on a tractor, but we really need to be firm with this to ensure people live a little longer.”

The goal of PIHSP is to improve the health and safety of workers and their families in farming industries across Australia. It is funded by the Cotton, Grains and Rural Industries Research and Development Corporations, as well as the Australian Meat Processor Corporation and Meat & Livestock Australia.

CLICK HERE to download a copy of the 2015 PIHSP report.

Are you between 13 and 21 with a farm safety story to tell? Head to for more information on the 2017 Farm Safety Student Video Competition.


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